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 Harmful economic systems: Avoiding overthrow

Avoiding overthrow is very similar to preventing revolution. However, what is emphasized in this section is preventing overthrow by others who would maintain a structure of harm. There are two important issue areas:

  • the struggle for control of the government

  • how is a structure of harm maintained?

The struggle for control of the government

In 2013 and subsequently in Egypt there has been an important struggle for control of the government, and one which has been well covered by the international press, .  After long protests, the Mubarak government, which depended to a significant extent on support by the Egyptian military,  was replaced in 2012 in a democratic election by a govenment led by the Muslim Brotherhood, which then did antagonize students and other groups by its actions.  The millitary then replaced the Muslim Brotherhood government, and events are playing out.  It is important to try to understand who are the key groups, what their sources of power are, and how the dynamics between the groups play out.

General who led overthrow of Egypt's first elected government and is now the defacto ruler to run for president of Egypt  David D Kirkpatrick New York Times March 26, 2014  Backing Egypt’s generals, Saudi Arabia promises financial support Liz Sly Washington Post August 19, 2013 Ties with Egypt army constrain Washington Thom Shanker and Eric Schmitt New York Times August 16, 2013 Hundreds die as Egyptian forces attack Islamist protestors David D Kirkpatrick New York Times August 14, 2013  Egypt general has country wondering about aims Kareen Fahim New York Times August 2, 2013 Sudden improvements suggest a campaign to undermine Morsi Ben Hubbard and David D Kirkpatrick New York Times July 10, 2013 Army ousts Egypt's president; Morsi is taken into military custody David D Kirkpatrick New York Times July 3, 2013 Military reasserts its allegiance to its privileges Ben Hubbard New York Times July 3, 2013 A coup? Or something else? $1.5 billion in US aid is on the line Peter Baker New York Times July 4, 2013

President is said to flee as rebels seize capital of the the Central African Republic Adam Nossiter New York Times March 24, 2013

How is a structure of harm maintained?

One way is by installing/having supporters in key areas and rewarding them..

Cuba's reward for the dutiful: Gated housing Damien Cave New York Times February 11, 2014

In election year, Iranian brothers could expand power Jason Rezaian Washington Post January 31, 2013

Children of China’s ‘Immortals’ are new capitalist elite Bloomberg News Washington Post December 26, 2012  

North Korea leader Kim Jong Il, right, and his son Kim Jong Un, left, salute from the balcony as they attend a massive military parade marking the 65th anniversary of the communist nation’s ruling Workers’ Party in Pyongyang, North Korea on Sunday. Photo: Kyodo News, via Associated Press

North Koreans boost power of ruler's kin Martin Fackler and Mark McDonald New York Times September 28, 2010

Generals in Pakistan push for shakeup of government Jane Perlez New York Times September 28, 2010

Ahmadinejad reaps benefits of stacking agencies with allies  Neil MacFarquhar New York Times June 24, 2009 This article describes how the President of Iran has created a pervasive network of important officials in the military, security agencies, and major media outlets.

As noted above, a key way is by killing, imprisoning, or otherwise marginalizing opponents.

Victor Carranza, Colombia’s ‘emerald czar’ and alleged militia patron, dies at 77 Libardo Cardona Associated Press/Washington Post April 5, 2013

A second key way is by controlling sources of wealth and then distributing the resulting income. Those who are responsible for maintaining the structure of power get paid.

Kenyan minister resigns (temporarily) over accusations that he sold a government hotel for one-third of its value  BBC News July 8, 2008 (You will leave this site)

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